Action / Decommissioning

Analysis of Replacement Electricity for Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant

  1. NYC and Westchester form one service area, and uses a peak max of approximately 13,000 MW of electricity daily, depending on the time of year.
  2. Before deregulation, Con Ed owned IP#2 and NYPA (New York Power Authority) owned IP3.  Following deregulation, both units were sold to Entergy during 2000-2001.  Con Ed no longer produces electricity, with the limited exception of a steam generating facility in Queens.  They are a transmission company and distribute electricity generated by other companies.  They buy electricity to serve their customers.
  3. NYPA provides energy for municipal use including city halls, schools, hospitals, MTA, Metro North, public housing, other municipal buildings, etc.  Their usage is around 2,100 MW daily. The electricity they produce is transmitted by Con Ed. They also buy electricity and as their annual reports indicate, prefer long term contracts for the stability of their budget.  
  4. Following the 2000-2001 sale, there were 7 year contracts between Entergy, Con Ed and NYPA for 100% of the output from Indian Point. This was beneficial to all parties since it assured continuity of supply at the beginning of deregulation.  By 2007 the energy market was prospering and both Con Ed and NYPA no longer purchased 100% of the output from Indian Point. They began the process of contracting for electricity from other generators at a lower cost.
  5. In 2013, Cod Ed purchased 350 MW from Entergy and NYPA and only 100 MW from Entergy.  Since 2014, NYPA has not had any contract with Entergy. They have found cheaper sources. Con Ed currently purchases 560 MW from Entergy.
  6. At public hearing, Entergy has said that they provide 25% of the electricity used in the NYC/Westchester service area.  That would be 13,000MW divided by 4 which equals 3,250 MW.  This is inaccurate for several reasons.  First, total Indian Point capacity is around 2,000 MW so they cannot provide 3,250 MW.  Second, the only contract they have is with Con Ed is for 560 MW.  And 560 MW as a percentage of 13,000 MW is 4.3% and not 25%.
  7. Only 560 MW, that which is under contract to Con Ed of the 2000 MW produced at Indian Point goes to the NYC/Westchester service area.  The rest is sold by Entergy to New England and other places.  Entergy has also bid 1,500 MW into the Contingency Market established by the Independent Service Operators for Ulster and Dutchess County.  They have no additional electricity to sell to the New York City Westchester grid.
  8. Indian Point’s 560 MW per day is a drop in the bucket to what is available and is replaced easily when     the reactors are shut down for refueling or when there is an incident like the baffle bolts. This makes it clear that Indian Point is no longer essential to the future of the NYC/Westchester service area.
  9. In 2012 the NYISO (NY Independent System Operator) which manages the electricity network for all of NY State said in their Reliability Needs Assessment that IP2 is not needed. They added that if IP3 shuts down, there may be a shortfall of 750 MW after 2016 if energy use goes up and no measures are taken. Measures have been taken as outlined above and demand has not risen; it continues to decline at about 2% yearly.  Energy efficiency, conservation, additional electricity supply capacity coming on line, more transmission facilities and upgrades to bring electricity from northern NY State (including wind) to Southern NY State have ensured that the 750 MW have not been missed at all.

By the Indian Point Safe Energy Coalition

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